Flour is a white or brown powder that is made by grinding grain. It is used to make bread, cakes and pastry. Oat flakes is a cereal used mostly for breakfast.
present data refer to flour production in Cerealia
Denmark in 2001 where the main
are following: 1) grain delivered from farms by trucks or ships are cleared
of impurities and stored in silos, 2) the grains are moistened with freshwater
3) the moist grains are grinded at different kinds of rolls, 4) the product
of grinding (flour
such as bran) of different qualities are sorted and ascorbic acid is eventually
5) the products
are controlled, packed and stored before distribution to the market.
is used for food and feed products.
modern with a high degree of automation. Wastewater
generated during cleaning processes is diverted to municipal wastewater
Data on energy and water consumption are in the same order of magnitude for all products produced at the mill and extracted as an average representing all products from the factory’s environmental management system.
Data on product and bi-product production as well as ascorbic acid consumption are estimated based on production statistics for Cerealia Mills, Denmark, in the period 1992-2002.
Production processes from receipt of grains to delivery at the factory's gate as well as administration are included. Data on energy and water include administration from other units in the organization and data on water and energy consumption may be sligtly overestimated.
Fungicides and insecticides applied in the factory are not included. Packaging and wastewater generation are not included.
About 60% of Denmark's flour and oat flakes production are covered with the present data. Similar technology is used in other mills in Denmark. Oat flakes production requires slightly more energy and water than other products and data on oat flakes production may be somewhat underestimated. Production of oat flakes constitutes a minor part of the total production in the considered factory and data on other products are not correspondingly overestimated.
The present data are generally in agreement with data from other units in Cerealia Mills.
Personal communication with Charlotte Feldvoss, Cerealia Mills.